The instruments


The Flute

The Flute is a wind instrument of the Woodwind family. Its position is different from other flutes, "crossing" the mouth to the right. Its keywork was invented by Theobald Boehm (1794-1881) in 1832. It is known as the Great C Flute, and is made of wood or metal. The sound principle is an evolved form of the "whistle".


Its origins go back to prehistoric times: the pan flute (7th century BC), the recorder (14th century). And nowadays: the G, Bass and Octave Flutes. The sound comes from the air vibrated by the bevel at the edge of the mouthpiece.

Historical development

Its use shines in all styles of music. It appeared in the early Middle Ages, mentioned in the poems of Guillaume de Machaut (1300?-1377), giving it the gentle name of "Fleuthe traversaine". During the Renaissance, it was made up of a single section and six holes of very similar diameter. It was around 1660 that its last evolution (attributed to Hotteterre (1673-1763)) began, leading to the present day.


Repertoire and composers

It seems that J. B. Lully (1632-1687) was one of the first, if not the first, to use the flute in the orchestra for its sound and virtuosity in "The Triumph of Love", a ballet written in 1672. It was after hearing the great flutist Pierre Gabriel Buffardin (1690-1768) in Dresden in 1717 that J. S. Bach began to write for this instrument. Johann Joachim Quantz (1697-1773) is credited with many innovations in instrument making. Johann George Tromlitz (1725-1805) is also credited with replacing the closed boards with open ones.

Its poetic feeling is associated with magical powers, the "Magic Flute" by W. A. Mozart (1756-1791) or "The Pied Piper of Hamelin" by the Grimm brothers.

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Pierre Boutin


Saxophone teacher with a Certificate of Proficiency. Conductor and composer, former school director. Member of the Saxophone Quartet of France.


Pierre Caron


Flute and Piccolo teacher, holder of the Certificat d'Aptitude. Principal flute of the Republican Guard Orchestra.